How Do Fiber Optic Connectors function?, The story of fiber optic telecommunication deserves an entire book on its own because it took several generations to reach the state of the art today.

Optical fiber is a long thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plastic, as tiny as one tenth of human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber comprises three layers that are counted inside out: fiber core (diameter 810um) and cladding (diameter 125um) and buffer coating (diameter 90um).

The fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. Fiber Core and Cladding layers are used to keep the light inside the core and prevent it from losing. Fiber buffer coating is created from acrylic or plastic and offers handling flexibility as well as physical protection for the fiber.

Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from the end, it becomes kept inside the core not leaking out and losing energy.

Then, light is digitally modified to represent 1 and 0 , just like a computer, and information can be carried from one location to another one, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What is a fiber optic connector and how do they function?

You now know how optical fibers operate. So what is a fiber optic connector and what’s the purpose of the fiber optic telecommunications network?

In simple terms, a fiber optic connector’s purpose is similar to an electric power plug, it is used to connect light in one segment of optical fiber to another segment that is optical.

Since optical fibers are small that fiber optic connectors need to be made with high precision, at the size that is 0.1um that is just one centimeter of the human hair.

Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers from one end to the other so precisely that light can move from one fiber to another without bounce off the interface , and thus losing its signal.

Additionally fiber optic connectors, they provide cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex can be modularized and simple to manage.

Similar to other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, electric industry, or computer industry, many different kinds of fiber optic connectors were created in the course of development of the fiber optic communication industry. Certain types were once highly popular in the market but they have since served their purpose and are fading away.

The most popular fiber optic connectors in use today include SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few other less popular ones. Sure you will see new connectors invented with the development of the industry.