Optic fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of plastic or glass, that is as small as one tenth of human hair. A typical optical fiber for telecom comprises three layers that are counted from the inside out as fiber core (diameter 8~10um) and cladding (diameter 130um) and buffer coating (diameter 90um).
The fiber core and cladding are made from glass or silica. The fiber core and Facultyresearch.london.edu/statdownload.asp?id=6075&url=https://www.wefacebook.com/dir/site-8074.html the Cladding layers work together to confine the light inside the core without losing. Fiber buffer coating is created out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.
Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its end face, it is kept inside the core without leaking outside and losing energy.
Then, light is digitally modified to show 1 and 0 , just like a computer, so data can be transmitted from one site to another site which may be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What is a fiber optic connector and how do they work?
You now know how optical fibers work. So what is the fiber optic connector? And what is its purpose in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?
Put it simple The fiber optic connector’s function is just like an electric power source, it is used to connect light in one segment of optical fiber to another section of optical fiber.
Since optical fibers are tiny they require fiber optic connectors to be constructed with high precision, at the scale to 0.1um, which equals one hundredth a human hair.
Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers end to end to ensure that light is able to move from one fiber to another without being bounced off of the connector and losing its signal.
Additionally fiber optic connectors, they provide cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex could be made modular and simple to manage.
Like other connectors utilized in the electric industry, electronic industry, or computer industry, numerous types and types of connectors for fiber optics were developed in the course of development of the fiber optic communication. Certain of them were very popular in the industry and now have been used for a variety of purposes, but are now becoming obsolete.
The most well-known fiber optic connectors in use today are SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of others that are less well-known. You will surely see new connectors being developed as a result of the progress of this industry.