Optic fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plasticthat is that is as small as one tenth of the human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber is made up of three layers that are counted from the inside out: fiber core (diameter 8~10um), cladding (diameter of 125um) and Healthocean-korea.com/shop/bannerhit.php?bn_id=1&url=http%3a%2f%2f126.96.36.199%2Fsite-7817.html buffer coating (diameter 9000um).
Fiber core and cladding is made of glass or silica. Fiber Core and layers of cladding combine to contain the light within the core and prevent it from losing. Fiber buffer coating is created of plastic or acrylic and offers handling flexibility as well as physical protection for the fiber.
Optical fibers utilize an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its the end, it becomes confined inside the core without spilling out and losing its energy.
Then, light is digitally modified to show 1 and 0 just like a computer, and information can be carried from one location to another site which may be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors ? And what do they do?
Now you understand how optical fibers operate. So what exactly is an optical connector and what is its purpose in the fiber optic telecommunications network?
In simple terms, a fiber optic connector’s purpose is just like an electric power plug, it is used to connect light in one segment of optical fiber with a different section of optical fiber.
Since optical fibers are so tiny that fiber optic connectors need to be designed with extreme precision, and at a size of 0.1um which is one hundredth of a human hair.
Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers from one end to the other to ensure that light is able to move from one fiber to another without bouncing off the connector and losing its signal.
Besides the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility to the telecommunications network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex can be modularized and manageable.
Like other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, electric industry, or computer industry, many different kinds of fiber optic connectors were invented during the evolution of the fiber optic communication industry. Some of them once were extremely popular in the field and now have served their purposes and are disappearing.
The most widely used fiber optic connectors that are used today include SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few lesser-known ones. You will surely see new connectors invented with the development of the industry.