Optic fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of plastic or glass, smaller than one tenth of the human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom is composed of three cylindrical layers, counted from the inside out as fiber core (diameter 810um), the cladding (diameter 130um) as well as buffer layer (diameter 900um).
The fiber core and https://egov2.miamigov.com/Office_of_Auditor_General/admin/Portal/LinkClick.aspx?tabid=1&table=Announcements&field=ItemID&id=98&link=http://toptee.getenjoyment.net/site-7523.html cladding are made of glass or silica. The fiber core and the Cladding layers are used to keep the light inside the core without leakage. Fiber buffer coating is made from acrylic or plastic and offers handling flexibility as well as physical protection for the fiber.
Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its one end, it’s contained within the core, without spilling out and wasting its energy.
Then, light is digitally modified to indicate 1 and 0 just like a computer, and data can be transmitted from one location to another one, which could be from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors and what do they do?
You now know how optical fibers operate. So what exactly is the fiber optic connector? And what’s the purpose of a fiber optic telecommunication network?
Put it simple A fiber optic connector’s purpose is similar to an electric power supply It is used to connect light in one part of optical fiber with another section of optical fiber.
Since optical fibers are tiny, fiber optic connectors have to be made with high precision, with a size to 0.1um, which equals one hundredth the human hair.
Fiber optic connectors align two fibers from one end to the other in a way that light can move from one fiber to another without bouncing off the interface and loss its signal.
In addition, fiber optic connectors provide cross-connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and manageable.
Just like any other connectors used in electronic industry, electric industry, or the computer industry, a variety of kinds and types of connectors for fiber optics were created along the development of fiber optic communication. Certain types were once very popular in the industry and now have served their purpose and are becoming obsolete.
The most popular fiber optic connectors in use today comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of other less popular ones. Sure you will see new connectors being developed as a result of the development of the industry.