Optic fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of glass or plasticthat is as tiny as one tenth of a human hair. A typical optical fiber for telecom is made up of three layers that are counted in the inside as fiber core (diameter 8x10um) as well as cladding (diameter 130um) along with buffer coating (diameter 900um).
Fiber core and cladding is made of glass or الياف بصرية stc اسعار silica. Fiber Core and cladding layers work together to confine the light within the core without losing. The fiber buffer coating is constructed out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.
Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from the end, it becomes confined inside the core not leaking out and losing its energy.
Then light is digitally modulated to represent 1 and 0 , just like a computer, so data can be transmitted from one place to another, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors and what do they do?
You now know how optical fibers operate. So what is the fiber optic connector? And what’s its function in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?
In simple terms The fiber optic connector’s function is similar to an electric power source, it relies on light to transmit from one segment that is optical to a different section that is optical.
Since optical fibers are tiny they require fiber optic connectors to be constructed with high precision, and at a scale to 0.1um which is one hundredth of a human hair.
Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers from end to end so precisely that light can be transferred from one fiber to another without being bounced off of the interface and loss its signal.
Besides fiber optic connectors, they provide cross-connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and simple to manage.
Similar to other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, electric industry, or computer industry, numerous kinds and types of connectors for fiber optics were developed along the development of fiber optic communication. Some of them once were very popular in the industry but they have since been used for a variety of purposes, but are now fading away.
The most widely used fiber optic connectors used nowadays comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few lesser-known ones. There are certain to be new connectors invented with the development of the industry.