Optic fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber made from glass or plasticthat is smaller than one tenth of the human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber is composed of three layers that are counted in the inside: fiber core (diameter 8~10um) as well as cladding (diameter of 125um) as well as buffer layer (diameter 9000um).
The fiber core and cladding are made from glass or silica. Fiber Core and Cladding layers work together to confine the light within the core, without leaking. Fiber buffer coating is created out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.
Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from end face, it is kept inside the core not leaking out and wasting its energy.
Then light is digitally modulated to show 1 and 0 , just like a computer, so data can be transmitted from one site to another one, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors ? And how do they work?
Now you know how optical fibers operate. What is a fiber optic connector and what is its purpose in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?
In simple terms A fiber optic connector’s job is similar to that of an electric power supply, it connects light from one part of optical fiber with a different section that is optical.
Because optical fibers are small, fiber optic connectors have to be made with high precision, at the scale that is 0.1um which is one hundredth of a human hair.
Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers from one end to the other to ensure that light is able to be transferred from one fiber to another without being bounced off of the interface , and thus losing its signal.
In addition fiber optic connectors, they provide cross-connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. So a complicated computer network could be made modular and easy to manage.
Just like any other connectors that are used in electronic industry, electric industry and computer industry, many different types and types of connectors for fiber optics were created during the evolution of the fiber optic communication industry. Certain types were once extremely popular in the field but have now served their purpose and are fading away.
The most widely used fiber optic connectors that are used today comprise SC, ST, Imagegeneration.net/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.adsleema.com%2F2022%2F10%2Fblog-post_28.html LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few other less popular ones. There are certain to be new connectors developed with the advancement of technology.